Minutes of the Third Session of the Fourteenth Council (40th annual meeting), held in the Council Chamber of the Guildhall, Plymouth, on Whitsun Tuesday, May 17th, 1932, at 11 o’clock.

Prior to the meeting the Mayor of Plymouth, in the chair, supported by the Lord Bishop of Plymouth, extended a cordial welcome to the Council. The President tendered thanks.

The Lord Bishop of Exeter visited the Council during the afternoon session.


Ancient Society of College Youths: Present, H. R. Newton; absent, W. T. Cockerill, T. Faulkner, C. F. Winney.
Barnsley and District Guild: Absent, C. D. Potter.
Bath and Wells Diocesan Association: Present, J. T. Dyke, J. Hunt; absent, H. W. Brown, the Rev. E. S. C. Lock.
Bedfordshire Association: Absent, A. King, A. E. Sharman.
Cambridge University Guild: Present, E. M. Atkins, E. H. Lewis.
Chester Diocesan Guild: Present, H. S. Brocklebank; absent, the Rev. C. A. Clements, G. A. Taylor, J. C. E. Simpson.
Cleveland and North Yorkshire Association: Absent, T. Metcalfe, J. C. Pollard.
Devon Guild: Present, E. W. Marsh, the Rev. E. S. Powell, G. C. Woodley; absent, E. Shepherd.
Dudley and District Guild: Absent, S. J. Hughes.
Durham and Newcastle Association: Absent, W. H. Barber, W. Story.
East Derbyshire and Notts Association: Absent, J. W. England.
Ely Diocesan Association: Absent, T. R. Dennis, the Rev. B. H. Tyrwhitt Drake.
Essex Association: Present, E. J. Butler, G. R. Pye; absent, C. H. Howard, W. J. Nevard.
Gloucester and Bristol Diocesan Association: Present, J. Austin, E. Guise, W. E. Rose; absent, E. Bishop.
Guildford Diocesan Guild: Present, G. Grover, A. H. Pulling; absent, A. C. Hazelden.
Hereford Diocesan Guild: Absent, J. Clark, A. W. Davis, C. Edwards, W. Poston.
Hertford County Association: Present, W. Ayre.
Irish Association: Absent, G. Lindoff, R. Murphy.
Kent County Association: Present, E. Barnett, T. Groombridge, F. M. Mitchell; absent, J. H. Cheesman.
Ladies’ Guild: Present, Mrs. G. W. Fletcher, Mrs. R. Richardson.
Lancashire Association: Present, G. R. Newton, W. H. Shuker; absent, Rev. Canon H. J. Elsee, A. Tomlinson.
Lincoln Diocesan Guild: Present, J. Phillips, R. Richardson; absent, Rev. Canon H. T. Parry, G. Chester.
Llandaff and Monmouth Diocesan Association: Present, J. W. Jones; absent, J. Phillips.
London County Association: Present, A. D. Barker, F. E. Dawe; absent, T. H. Taffender.
Middlesex County Association: Present, C. T. Coles, G. W. Fletcher, W. H. Hollier, W. Pickworth.
Midland Counties Association: Present, the Rev. R. P. Farrow, E. Denison Taylor, J. H. Swinfield; absent, W. Willson.
Norwich Diocesan Association: Present, F. Nolan Golden; absent, C. E. Borrett, A. L. Coleman.
North Notts Association: Absent, the Rev. R. F. Wilkinson.
North Staffs and District Association: Absent, the Rev. J. B. Frith.
North Wales Association: Absent, T. Jones.
Oxford Diocesan Guild: Present, Rev. Canon G. F. Coleridge, J. Evans, the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn; absent, F. W. Hopgood.
Oxford Society: Absent, W. Collett.
Oxford University Society: Present, H. Miles.
Peterborough Diocesan Guild: Present, T. Law, T. Tebbutt, F. Wilford; absent, R. G. Black.
Romney Marsh and District Guild: Absent, A. J. Battin.
St. Clement Youths: Absent, G. Cross.
St. Martin’s Guild: Absent, A. Paddon Smith.
Salisbury Diocesan Guild: Present, the Rev. F. Ll. Edwards, S. Hillier, C. H. Jennings.
Scottish Association (no representative).
Shropshire Association: Absent, W. Saunders.
Society of Royal Cumberland Youths: Present, J. Parker; absent, J. W. Cornford, J. D. Matthews, F. Smith.
Society of Sherwood Youths: Absent, A. Coppock.
Stafford Archdeaconry: Absent, T. J. Elton, H. Knight.
Suffolk Guild: Present, the Rev. H. Drake; absent, C. Mee, C. J. Sedgley, S. H. Symonds.
Surrey Association: Present, C. H. Kippin; absent, C. Dean.
Sussex County Association: Absent, J. T. Rickman.
Swansea and Brecon Guild: Present, A. J. Pitman.
Truro Diocesan Guild: Present, H. J. Clark, W. H. Southeard, the Rev. W. H. R. Trewhella, Lt.-Col. C. F. Jerram.
Warwickshire Guild: Present, F. W. Perrens, J. H. W. White.
Winchester and Portsmouth Guild: Present, G. Williams; absent, H. Barton.
Worcester and Districts Association: Present, H. G. Bird, J. D. Johnson; absent, R. G. Knowles.
Yorkshire Association: Present, J. Cotterell, P. J. Johnson, S. F. Palmer; absent, the Rev. C. C. Marshall.
Honorary members: Present, W. A. Cave, E. W. Elwell, J. George, J. S. Goldsmith, J. H. B. Hesse, A. A. Hughes, J. A. Trollope, E. Alex Young, C. F. Johnston; absent, the Rev. E. W. Carpenter, J. Griffin, Alderman J. S. Pritchett, the Rev. H. S. T. Richardson, H. W. Wilde, S. H. Wood.

Fully represented817-
Partly represented234636
Not represented21-31

Hon. members96



The secretary reported the affiliation of the North Staffs and District Association (one representative) and the Scottish Association (one representative), and the reaffiliation of the Gloucester and Bristol Association (four representatives).

The Truro Diocesan Guild had increased their representation from one member to four members. The Ladies’ Guild had increased from one to two members.


It was reported that the subscriptions of the following societies were still unpaid: Durham and Newcastle Association, Irish Association, London County Association, North Notts Association, North Wales Association, Winchester and Portsmouth Guild.

The President called attention to Rule 5, and intimated that the Standing Committee recommended that the rule be enforced so far as voting was concerned. The rule also implied that members representing societies whose subscriptions were unpaid should not be allowed to take part in the meeting, but the Standing Committee did not wish to insist on this.

Mr. E. A. Young (hon. member) inquired whether, if subscriptions were now tendered, the rule would be satisfied, and the President’s ruling was that subscriptions could only be accepted from duly authorised officers of associations.

Mr. Young tendered the subscription of the London County Association, in his capacity of treasurer of this association, and this was accepted.


The following members retired according to rule: The Rev. E. W. Carpenter, Messrs. W. A. Cave, J. George, H. W. Wilde.

The resignation of the Rev. E. W. Carpenter was before the Council last year, and the Standing Committee recommended that Messrs. W. A. Cave and H. W. Wilde be re-elected, that Mr. A. Walker, of Birmingham, be elected a member, and that one place be left vacant.

On the President’s, motion, seconded by Mr. J. Parker (Royal Cumberland Youths), the Standing Committee’s recommendation adopted.


The following members were presented: Messrs. John Austin, Edgar Guise and Walter Rose, of the Gloucester and Bristol Diocesan Association; Mrs. R. Richardson, Ladies’ Guild; Mr. John Phillips, Lincoln Diocesan Guild; Mr. F. Nolan Golden, Norwich Diocesan Guild; the Rev. W. H. R. Trewhella, Lt.-Col. C. F. Jerram and Mr. H. J. Clark, of the Truro Diocesan Guild; Mr. J. H. W. White, Warwickshire Guild.

Apologies for absence were received from Mr. W. T. Cockerill, Mr. A. King, Mr. A. E. Sharman, the Rev. C. A. Clements, Mr. T. Metcalfe, Mr. J. C. Pollard, Mr. S. J. Hughes, Mr. J. W. England, Mr. T. R. Dennis, the Rev. B. H. Tyrwhitt Drake, Mr. C. H. Howard, Mr. W. J. Nevard, Mr. E. Bishop, Mr. A. C. Hazelden, Rev. Canon H. J. Elsee, Mr. W. Willson, Mr. A. L. Coleman, the Rev. J. B. Frith, Mr. F. W. Hopgood, Mr. W. Collett, Mr. G. Cross, Mr. J. D. Matthews, Mr. H. Knight, Mr. C. Dean, Mr. H. Barton, the Rev. C. C. Marshall, Alderman J. S. Pritchett, the Rev. H. S. T. Richardson, Mr. H. W. Wilde, Mr. S. H. Wood, Mr. J. Griffin.


The death of the following members and past members was reported: The Rev. H. Law James, Lincoln Diocesan Guild; Mr. T. T. Gofton, Durham and Newcastle Association; Mr. H. Argyle, Warwickshire Guild; Mr. S. Wood, past member; Mr. T. Salter, past member.

Canon Coleridge voiced the deep regret of the Council and Exercise at the loss of the Rev. H. Law James, and paid tribute his work. A letter of condolence had already been sent, and the Council was represented by the hon. secretary at the funeral.

On the motion of the President, a formal resolution of sympathy was passed by the members standing in silence, and the secretary was instructed to write to the relatives of Messrs. T. T. Gofton, H. Argyle, S. Wood and T. Salter.


The minutes of the last meeting were published in ‘The Ringing World’ dated March 18th, 1932, and copies had been circulated to affiliated societies.

Mr. G. R. Newton (Lancashire Association) drew attention to the omission of a vote of thanks to Mr. W. A. Cave for acting as honorary secretary during Mr. E. A. Young’s absence, and it was agreed that this should be inserted.

On the motion of Mr. C. T. Coles (Middlesex Association), seconded by A. A. Hughes (hon. member), it was resolved that the minutes be taken as read and be approved.


The Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn (Oxford Diocesan Guild) reported the presentation of the following books:-

Council was asked for instructions regarding the twelve copies of ‘Bell Towers and Bell Hanging,’ one of which had been sold by special request.


Sales were the best since the present librarian was appointed, and showed a balance of £42 9s. 5d. after paying ordinary advertisement account of £9 2s. and special advertising of £3. Sales by ‘sale and return’ agents showed £10 18s. 11d., but all returns had not been received. The Lincoln Diocesan Guild had purchased a complete stock of publications. Others had purchased larger quantities and thus availed themselves of the discount allowance. Further method sheets of Grandsire, Stedman and Cambridge Surprise had been purchased.

The report was adopted on the motion of the honorary librarian, seconded by Mrs. Fletcher (Ladies’ Guild).

The Standing Committee recommended that the honorary librarian be allowed to dispose of all except three copies of ‘Bell Towers and Bell Hanging’ to representatives of affiliated societies only, at the price of 5s. each. Agreed.

The president, in answer to an inquiry by Mr. J. A. Trollope, suggested that members could watch for old and valuable ringing books with a view to their being secured for the Council’s library.


The hon. treasurer presented the accounts for the year, which had been duly audited. Income, including interest on investments £5, affiliation fees £28 5s., subscriptions (honorary members) £2 7s. 6d. and sale of publications less expenses £42 9s. 5d., amounted to £78 1s. 11d.

Expenses, including cost of publications £35 15s. 2d. and grant to Stedman Tercentenary Fund £10 10s., amounted to £64 4s. 9d., leaving a balance to carry forward of £61 11s. 11d.

Investments remained unaltered, with a market value of £125 5s. 6d.

On the motion of Mr. A. A. Hughes (hon. member), seconded by Mr. W. A. Cave (hon. member), the accounts were adopted.


Mr. E. A. Young (hon. member) reported on behalf of the trustees. The machine was still at the Victoria and Albert Science Museum and had recently been inspected. Although it would still work, the time was not far distant when the machine would require a complete overhaul. The machine had been demonstrated by official request to an officer of H.M. Office of Works. The treasurer was requested to arrange payment of the demonstrator’s fee.

The report was adopted on the proposal of Mr. E. A. Young (hon. member), seconded by Mr. A. A. Hughes (hon. member).

A suggestion by Mr. C. T. Coles (Middlesex Association) that periodical demonstrations be arranged was left with the trustees.



The hon. secretary reported that the only meeting for the year had been held prior to this meeting. The agenda had been considered in detail and recommendations would be placed before the Council during the day.

On the President’s motion, the report was adopted.

The Rev. E. S. Powell (Devon Guild) proposed, as a recommendation to the standing Committee, that the constitution of this committee be examined to see whether they were truly representative of the Council, and that the constitution of the other committees be examined and a report made at the next meeting. Mr. J. Hunt (Bath and Wells Association) seconded. The recommendation was adopted, the Rev. F. Ll. Edwards (Salisbury Guild.) suggesting that the Council should appoint the conveners of committees.


The Rev. H. S. T. Richardson reported the receipt of fresh material, mainly Royal and Maximus, and this was being examined.

The report was adopted on the motion of Mrs. Fletcher (Ladies’ Guild), seconded by Mr. J. A. Trollope (hon. member).

Later it was proposed by Mr. G. R. Newton, seconded by Mr. E. A. Young, and carried, that the committee be asked to prepare a collection of compositions in the better known methods.


The report of this committee was published in ‘The Ringing World’ of April 29th.

Mr. J. A. Trollope (hon. member) spoke of the loss sustained by the committee by the death of the Rev. H. Law James. The great advance in knowledge of methods was largely due to him. With regard to the work in hand, the book on Triples had been left with Mr. James, but apparently he had been unable to do anything towards completing it. The book was, however, now being completed, and it was proposed to include Stedman and Erin as methods of pure Triples and about eight other methods which had a treble and six working bells, like New Bob, together with a big selection of touches of Stedman and Grandsire, full courses of certain of the methods and a selection of touches and peals.

Permission to publish the book was asked by the committee.

The committee also asked that the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. James be left open until the London meeting.

The Rev. E. S. Powell referred to the question of rules and decisions governing methods which the committee was requested to consider at the last meeting.

The committee had included this matter in their report, but since publication it had been pointed out that it would require amendment, as the definition given of a plain lead did not cover Little and Alliance methods. The committee had reconsidered the matter, and their proposals were to leave the present definition unaltered and make what adjustment was necessary by adding to the existing notes on definitions. Reference was made to the note on page 24 of Rules and Decisions, which read: ‘Methods are formed from principles in two ways,’ and the committee suggested the addition of: ‘An illustration of this statement is to be found in the Little and Alliance methods which have come into prominence of late years. In appearance their form places them outside the definition of Plain and Bob leads given above, but, properly speaking, they are in logical succession of such methods as Bob Major.’

‘Thus a Little method is one which follows the rule, except in so far as this is qualified by the restriction of the hunt to fewer places than the number of bells employed.

‘An Alliance method is one in which the hunt has a composite path comprising portions of more than one principle.’

The Council was asked to consider this and vote on it at the next meeting.

Mr. J. S. Goldsmith (hon. member), as mover of the resolution referring the matter to the committee, intimated that he supported the committee in considering the question in this form, but with regard to the actual report of the committee, he requested the Council to receive it only and not adopt it.

Mr. J. A. Trollope, on behalf of the committee, agreed with this suggestion. The Rev. E. S. Powell concurred.

The report was, therefore, received, and the committee agreed that the printing of the book on Triples methods be left over until a later item on the agenda (No. 12) had been discussed, when it was resolved, on the motion of Mr. J. A. Trollope, seconded by the Rev. H. Drake, that the committee should complete the book and hand the manuscripts to the Standing Committee for publication.

The Standing Committee recommended the appointment of Mr. S. H. Wood (hon. member) to this committee. On the motion of the President, seconded by the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn (Oxford Guild), this was carried.


The Rev. H. S. T. Richardson (hon. member) reported that he had been unable to do anything in this matter, and asked permission to retire.

The Standing Committee recommended that the committee be asked to elect Mr. H. W. Wilde as convener, whilst retaining Mr. Richardson’s services as a member.

Mr. G. R. Newton (Lancashire Association) urged the need for a collection of best compositions, but this was considered a matter for the Peals Collection Committee.

The report was adopted on the motion of Mrs. Fletcher (Ladies’ Guild), seconded by Mr. W. A. Cave (hon. member).


Mrs. Fletcher (Ladies’ Guild) moved, and Mr. J. H. Swinfield (Midland Counties Association) seconded, that the report of this committee, published in ‘The Ringing World’ on May 6th, be adopted. Carried.

The Standing Committee recommended that Mr. G. L. Grover (Guildford Diocesan Guild) be elected a member of this committee, and that Mr. G. W. Fletcher (hon. secretary) be allowed to retire. The recommendation was adopted on the motion of Mrs. Fletcher, seconded by Mr. J. S. Goldsmith.


The members of the committee reported individually. See ‘The Ringing World,’ June 10th, 1932, page 390.

The reports were adopted on the motion of the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn, seconded by Major J. H. B. Hesse.

Mr. J. A. Trollope reported, that under the scheme to build 45 churches in the Diocese of London, it had been decided to pull down St. Andrew’s, Wells Street, and move it to the suburbs. In a letter to the ‘Times,’ the Bishop of London had said that everything would be moved to the new church, but although the peal of eight might be moved to the new church, it was almost impossible to expect that a tower would be built strong enough to ring them. The Middlesex County Association had passed a resolution and forwarded it to the Bishop of London, asking that these bells should be retained as a peal, and that if the tower of the new church was not strong enough to permit them to be rung, then they should be given to a church in the diocese with a tower strong enough to permit ringing.

It was proposed by Mr. Trollope, seconded by Mr. E. A. Young, and carried, that the Council endorse the action of the Middlesex Association, and the Tower and Belfries Committee was asked to deal with the matter.

The meeting adjourned to receive the Bishop of Exeter.


The President reported that the committee had carried through the restoration of the bells at St. Benedict, Cambridge, which were reopened on December 5th, 1931. See ‘The Ringing World,’ June 17th, 1932, page 405.

The Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn (treasurer of the fund) presented the accounts of the fund, which showed total receipts of £502 1s. 5d. Expenses totalled £482 13s. 5d., which figures include Messrs. Taylor and Co. £289, Sindall £132, architect’s fees £21 18s. 3d., cost of tablet £22 3s., faculty £5 5s. The amount owing to the builder was £50 13s. 6d., and certain other incidental expenses had to be met. The balance as per the accounts was £19 8s., and moneys received since had increased it to £24 4s. About £30 was required to cover all expenses.

The Standing Committee recommended that the Council should advance the money required to pay the accounts outstanding.

On the motion of the President, seconded by the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn, the committee’s report was adopted, together with the recommendation of the Standing Committee.

It was proposed by Mr. W. Ayre (Hertford County Association), seconded by the Rev. F. Ll. Edwards (Salisbury Diocesan Guild), and carried, that a vote of thanks be accorded to all the members of the committee.

No action was taken in respect of the statement made by Mr. E. Denison Taylor, that these bells should only be rung by experts.


The Rev. F. Ll. Edwards (Salisbury Diocesan Guild) reported for the committee. See ‘The Ringing World,’ June 24th, 1932, page 421.

The report was seconded by Mr. J. S. Goldsmith and carried.


The report of the committee was published in ‘The Ringing World’ of May 13th, and was presented by Mr. E. W. Elwell (hon. member), who asked the Council to receive it with the view to its adoption at the next meeting. This course was suggested to enable members to consider the revised rules. Members were asked to give previous notice of their objections and criticisms, and were invited to suggest improvements. The various alterations were pointed out.

On the motion of Mr. E. W. Elwell, seconded by Mr. C. T. Coles (Middlesex County Association), the report was accepted.


Mr. G. L. Grover (Guildford Diocesan Guild), as the only surviving member of this committee, presented a report for the years 1930 and 1931 (since published in ‘The Ringing World ’ dated July 1st, 1932). The report suggested that the Council should give a ruling as to the method to be adopted to record spliced peals, in view of the increasing number of methods used.

In view of the fact that the records for 1927, 1928 and 1929 had been mislaid, the present report may require amendment.

The report was seconded by the Rev. E. S. Powell and adopted.

Mr. Grover suggested that the Records Committee be dissolved and its work incorporated with that of the Peals Analysis Committee.

The President stated that the Standing Committee recommended this course, and he, therefore, proposed that the Records Committee be dissolved and thanked for their services, and the work be taken over by the Peals Analysis Committee, of which Mr. Grover was now a member. This was carried.


It was proposed by the President, seconded by the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn:-

‘That this Council strongly deprecates the recording as a peal on a commemorative tablet any performance which does not conform to the accepted standard of a true and complete peal, and calls upon all affiliated societies to support the Council in this matter.’

Mr. E. W. Elwell made a very eloquent appeal for the preservation of truth and accuracy in the recording of peal performances. The resolution was carried nem. con.

Letters supporting the resolution had been received from Alderman J. S. Pritchett and Canon Elsee, and the Standing Committee heartily endorsed it.

It was proposed by Canon G. F. Coleridge and seconded by Mr. J. T. Dyke:-

‘That in view of the great need for attention to good striking, the Council appoint a small committee to draw up a pamphlet on the proper handling of a bell.’

The Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn proposed, as an amendment, that the pamphlet also contain information on how to ring and call Grandsire Doubles and Bob Minor for the benefit of young bands. He was, as librarian, being constantly asked for some such book. The Rev. E. S. Powell seconded and offered the use of a small pamphlet issued by the Devon Guild.

Mr. P. J. Johnson (Yorkshire Association), while in sympathy with the objects of the resolution, opposed the issuing of a pamphlet by the Council, as he was of opinion that ‘Ropesight’ already gave the information. Mr. Woodley (Devon Guild) urged that Troyte’s book supplied the needs of beginners.

It was pointed out by several speakers that the pamphlet required was one that would only cost a few pence, whereas ‘Ropesight’ and Troyte’s book cost very much more.

Warm support was given by Mr. E. W. Elwell, Major Hesse, Mr. G. R. Newton, Mr. C. T. Coles and the Rev. H. Drake, the latter urging that the word ‘card’ be substituted for ‘pamphlet.’

The amendment was accepted as a rider to the original proposal which was carried.

On the motion of the President, a sub-committee was appointed consisting of Canon G. F. Coleridge and Mr. J. T. Dyke, with power to add to their number, it being also agreed that the leading part be left to Mr. Dyke.

It was proposed by the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn and seconded by Mr. F. W. Perrens (Warwickshire Guild):-

‘That in order to further the best interests of the Exercise, and to give all ringing matters the maximum publicity, all affiliated societies be requested to use their best endeavours to increase the circulation of the only ringing paper.’

Mr. J. S. Goldsmith (editor of ‘The Ringing World’) gave various facts and figures relating to the paper. It had served the Exercise for 21 years, but, owing to the small circulation, it was not a satisfactory commercial proposition, and under the existing circumstances it was impossible to enlarge it to a size sufficient to cope with the great amount of ringing matter being received. To increase the size of the paper by four pages per week, an increase of 3,500 copies was necessary, and if this was forthcoming, immediate steps would be taken to give a larger and more attractive paper.

The motion was endorsed by the Standing Committee and warmly supported by several speakers.

The motion was carried unanimously.


The President intimated that in accordance with the rule next meeting would be held in London and that representative members must be re-elected by their associations before that meeting.

It was reported that an invitation to tea had been received from the Middlesex County Association, which had been provisionally accepted by the hon. secretary. The Council’s endorsement of that acceptance was given.


The President reported that the Council had received an appeal from the Gloucester and Bristol Diocesan Association.

The Standing Committee recommended that in view of the valuable work done by Mr. Davies, a sum of £10 10s. be voted to the memorial This was seconded by the Rev. C. W. O. Jenkyn and carried.


On the suggestion of Mr. C. H. Jennings, a vote of sympathy was passed with the Master of the Salisbury Diocesan Guild; who had met with a serious accident, and the hon. secretary was instructed to forward it to the Rev. R. H. Gundry with good wishes for his speedy recovery.


The thanks of the Council were accorded to the Mayor for the use of the Council Chamber and for his welcome; the Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Plymouth for their presence and words of encouragement; the Devon Guild for their hospitality and for making the various arrangements, with particular reference to Mr. E. W. Marsh and to all incumbents for the use of their bells and towerkeepers for their services; to the Truro Diocesan Guild for their kind invitation to Truro on Whit Monday and entertainment of some of the members to lunch, with particular reference to Mr. A. S. Roberts, Dr. Symons, Lt.-Col. C. F. Jerram and the Truro Cathedral band.

The meeting terminated at 5.30, after which the members were the guests of the Devon Guild at tea.

The Ringing World, March 31st, 1933, pages 202 to 204

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